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Canaan Dog

Canaan Dog

The Canaan Dogs are said to have originated in the Middle East, where it was used to guard camps and flocks. In North America and Europe they are companion dogs and compete in dog sports such as agility, conformation, and obedience. Besides graceful movement and good looks, the Canaan Dog is blessed with a responsive and appealing personality. Some other important information about this breed is as follows:

General information:

Breed Name Canaan Dog
Origin Israel
Other Names Kelev K’naani’ in Hebrew , ‘Kaleb Kanaani’, Canaanite dog
Lifespan 12 – 15 years
Breed Type Purebred
Height Female: 19–23 inches (48–58 cm)Male: 20–24 inches (51–61 cm)
Weight Female: 15.9–20.4 kgMale: 20.4–24.9 kg
Temperament Alert, Intelligent, Devoted, Quick, Cautious, Vigilant
What to Feed 1.5 to 2.5 cups of nutritious dry food a day, divided into two meals.
How To Take Care These dogs need lots of exercise, and physical and mental challenges. They can live outdoors in warm to cool climates, but it also makes an excellent house dog. Their coat needs brushing once a week so as to remove dead hairs.
Litter size     4-6 puppies
Apartment Friendly No
Children Friendly No
Coat Type Dense, Harsh and Rough
Coat Colors Black, Black and Tan, Brown, Red
Health Concern Prone to hypothyroidism, epilepsy, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), hip dysplasia, cryptorchidism, elbows dysplasia, luxating patella and osteochondritis dissecans (OCD).
Hypoallergenic Breed No
Space Requirements House with Yard
Trainability Very Easy To Train
Energy Level High Energy
Grooming A Couple Times a Week
Protective Ability Good Watchdog



The Canaan Dog originated in the late 1930s in the in the biblical land of Canaan. Drawings of dogs similar to Canaan Dog were found in tombs dated back to 2200 BC. Arab desert-dwelling groups, also known as Bedouins, still use this breed of dogs for guarding their camps and for herding the flocks. Dr. Rudolphina Menzel, this breed’s founder, trained more than 500 Canaan Dogs to use in the mine detection work for the Middle East forces because these dogs were able to detect mines better than any mechanical devices. Some other talents of this breed of dogs include war sentry, search and rescue, messenger, tracker, herder, guard and a guide for the blind. This breed was first recognized by the AKC in 1997.


The Canaan Dog’s head is wedge-shaped with a shallow, but defined stop. Their nose varies in shades depending on the coat color. Their almond-shaped eyes are slightly slanted and eye rims are varying shades of liver depending on the coat color. The ears of this breed are erect and mobile and neck is well arched. The legs of these dogs are straight and tail is set high.

Some facts about this breed

  • The Canaan dogs’ coat color is mainly white with a mask and sometimes extra patches of color or a solid color ranging from black to brown, including red, sandy, or liver, with or without white trim.
  • The early Canaan dogs were used to deliver messages, but they were good for only short distances. Owing to their territorial nature, if a track was between 500 and 1,000 meters, they would simply turn around and go back to where they started.
  • This breed of dogs belongs to the AKC’s Herding Group, but outside the North America they are considered to be a primitive spitz type.


Swati takes pride of being a dog lover. Her current passions include blogging, writing and collecting dog pictures of various breeds. She is an active member of stray dog care society.

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