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The Rottweiler is muscular and massive dog breed, which can be a daunting beast or calm canine depending on its personality and owner. With his large head and fascinating black-and-tan markings, this breed has become prime preference of many pet lovers. If you also want to become a proud owner of this loyal canine, then this is a must read article for you. In this article, you can read all the important information about this magnificent dog breed.
|Other Names||Rottie, Rott|
|Lifespan||9 -10 years|
|Breed Group||Working dog breeds (AKC)|
|Size Type||Large dog breeds|
|Height||Male: 24–27 inches (61–68 cm); Female: 22–25 inches (56–63 cm)|
|Weight||Male: 43–59 kg; Female: 38–52 kg|
|Temperament||Alert, Good-natured, Steady, Devoted, Obedient, Self-assured, Courageous, Calm, Fearless, Confident|
|Coat Color||Tan, Black, Mahogany|
|Coat Characteristics||Coarse, Dense, Harsh and Rough, Short, Silky, Straight, Thick|
|What to Feed||Recommended daily amount: 4 to 10 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
|Ideal Food||Premium brand dry kibble|
|Litter size||Large litters; often can have 10 – 12 puppies|
|Training Needs||Rotties always remain excited to learn new things. Obedience training is quite important for these dogs. They are intelligent dogs and can excel at various sports.|
|Living condition||The Rottie will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. These dogs are relatively inactive indoors and a small yard will be sufficient.|
|Exercise need||Rotties require exercise on daily basis. They don’t like to roam far from their human companion therefore take your dog with you to run in the open country. These dogs also love to swim, catch a ball and run beside a bicycle. Do not over exercise your dog.|
|Type of home||Large House|
|Distinctive features||Floppy ears (naturally)|
|Grooming Needs||The smooth, glossy coat is easy to groom. Brush with a firm bristle brush and bathe only when necessary. This breed is an average shedder.|
|Club Recognition||AKC Classification: WorkingUKC Classification: Guardian DogPrevalence: Common|
|Attributes||Low Maintenance, Low Maintenance, Easy Training, Great Watchdog Ability, Low Adaptability, Fairly Active, Not Good with Kids|
|Bred For||Cattle drover, guardian, draft|
|Similar Dogs||Tibetan Mastiff, Komondor, Central Asian Ovtcharka, American Bull Dane,Doubull-Mastiff, Great Pyredane|
|Kids Friendly||Social Needs|
|Friendly with other dogs||Stranger Friendly|
|Need of Exercise||Territorial Aggression|
|Grooming Requirement||Intelligence and Trainability|
|Adaptability to environment||Guarding Ability|
|Affection Level||Health Related Issues|
|Tendency to bark||Playfulness|
|Cat Friendly||Level of Shedding|
|A Rottweiler is ideal for you if you want a dog who:||A Rottweiler may not ideal for you if you don’t want to deal with|
Descended from the Molossus (a mastiff-type dog), Rotties’ ancestors marched to Germany with the Romans for driving the herd of cattle that sustained the Romans. As the army traveled, mating of the big dogs with the native dogs laid the foundation of a new dog breed.
Southern Germany was one of those areas through which the Roman army passed. Roman armies set up their colonies in southern Germany to take the benefit of soil and climate, which were appropriate for the agriculture. They also built villas which were roofed with the red tile.
More than 600 years later, when they were building church, the town inhabitants unearthed the site of the ancient Roman baths and discovered the red-tiled villas. This discovery inspired a new name for this town, which was “das Rote Wil” (means the red tile).
Over many years, Rottweilers thrived as a market place for the cattle (the German equivalent of a Texas cow town). The Roman Molossus dogs’ descendents drove the herd of cattle to the town for butchering purpose. In order to ensure safety from the thieves after selling their farm animals, the cattlemen put their purses around the neck of their Rottweilers after returning home. In addition to this, Butchers used these dogs to pull carts loaded with the meat.
Almost extinct in the 1800s, this breed again thrived in the early 20th century due to the dedicated efforts of breeders centered in Stuttgart. On January 13, 1907, the DRK (Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub (German Rottweiler Club)) was founded in Germany. On April 27, 1907; the SDRK (Süddeutscher Rottweiler-Klub (South German Rottweiler Club)) was established, which later became the IRK (International Rottweiler Club).
In the year 1931, this breed was first recognized by the AKC (American Kennel Club). Rottweilers are known for their many talents including herding, tracking, guarding, watchdog, search and rescue. In addition to this, they are known for guiding for the blind people, police work, carting, competitive obedience and Schutzhund.
|2.Snout (teeth, tongue)||7.Highest Point of the Rump||12.Stifle|
|3.Dewlap (throat, neck skin)||8.Legs(thighs and hips)||13.Paws|
Rottweilers have massive, muscular, powerful body. Their head is wide with rounded forehead. The muzzle of this dog breed is well developed and the teeth meet in a scissors bite. The nose of these dogs is wide and it is black in color. The lips of these dogs are black in color and the inside mouth is dark. Their dark eyes are medium-sized and almond shaped. Some Rotties have blue eyes or some may have one brown and one blue eye.
The triangular ears of these dogs are carried forward and their tail is customarily docked. Note: docking of tails is not legal in many parts of Europe. The rear dewclaws of these dogs are often removed. They have broad and deep chest. These dogs have hard, short and thick coat type. These dogs have black with rust to mahogany markings on the muzzle, cheeks, paws and legs. In addition to this, a red color with brown markings also exists. These dogs have deficiency in their hair gene which makes the coloring a lighter red. All the description is summarized in the tabular form:
|Head, Cranial Region:|
|Skull||Their skull is of medium length, and broad between the ears. As seen from the side, their forehead line is moderately arched. The occipital bone is well developed without being conspicuous|
|Stop||Stop is well defined|
|Head, Facial Region:|
|Nose||They have well developed nose, which is more broad than round with relatively large nostrils, and is always black|
|Muzzle||The foreface should appear neither shortened nor elongated in relation to the cranial region. Straight nasal bridge, which is broad at base and moderately tapered|
|Lips||Close fitting, black, corner of the mouth not visible, gum as dark as possible|
|Jaws/ Teeth||Their lower and upper jaw is strong and broad. Strong complete dentition (42 teeth) with the scissor bite, the upper incisors are closely overlapping with the lower incisors|
|Cheeks||Zygomatic arches pronounced|
|Eyes||Their eyes is of medium size, almond shaped dark brown in color. Eyelids close fitting|
|Ears||Medium-sized, triangular, pendant, wide apart, set on high. With the ears laid forward close to the head the skull appears to be broadened|
|Neck||Strong, of fair length, slightly arched, well muscled, without dewlap, free from throatiness|
|Back||strong, straight, firm|
|Loins||Strong, short and deep|
|Croup||Of medium length, broad, slightly rounded. Neither flat nor falling away|
|Chest||Roomy, broad and deep (approximately 50 % of the shoulder height) with well developed fore-chest and well sprung ribs|
|Belly||Flanks not tucked up|
|Tail||In natural condition, level in extension of the upper line; at ease may be hanging|
|Forequarters||It is seen from the front, the front legs are straight. Not placed too closely to each other. Seen from the side, the forearms stand straight. The shoulder blade slope is approximately 45 degrees to the horizontal.|
|Shoulders||Well laid back|
|Upper arm||Close fitting to the body|
|Forearm||Strongly developed and muscular|
|Pasterns||Slightly springy, strong, not steep|
|Front feet||Round, tight and well arched; pads hard; nails short, black and strong|
|Hindquarters||It is seen from the behind, legs straight and not too close together. When standing free, obtuse angles are formed between the dog`s upper thigh and the hip bone, the upper thigh and the lower thigh and the metatarsal|
|Upper thigh||Moderately long, broad and strongly muscled|
|Lower thigh||Long, strongly and broadly muscled at top, sinewy|
|Hocks||Sturdy well angulated hocks; not steep|
|Hind feet||Slightly longer than the front feet. Toes strong, arched, as tight as front feet|
|Gait||Rotties are trotting dogs. In movement the back remains firm and relatively stable. Movement harmonious, steady, full of energy and unrestricted, with good stride.|
|Skin on head||Overall tight fitting. When the dog is alert, the forehead may be slightly wrinkled|
|Hair||The coat of Rotties consists of an undercoat and a top coat. The top coat is of medium length, dense, coarse and flat. Whereas, the undercoat must not show through the top coat. The hair of Rottie is a little longer on its hind legs.|
|Color||The color of coat is black with clearly defined markings of a rich tan on the cheeks, throat, muzzle, chest and legs, as well as over both eyes and under the base of the tail.|
Rottweilers are known for their gentle disposition. They love their human companions and when trained properly they make a gentle companion. The kind nature of this dog breed makes it caring dog that will protect his human companions with extreme devotion if he sees the requirement for doing so.
Undoubtedly, the Rottweiler is a powerful dog breed. While defending himself, he can cause damage therefore this breed needs to be well socialized and bred sensibly. Many people believe that Rotties are a reactive dog breed. Actually, aggressive Rotty is generally the result of the reckless and careless ownership, less training, and poor or no socialization.
A large, strong breed of dogs like the Rottweiler can be a perilous if it is not properly trained or treated poorly. Like any other dog breed, Rottie will develop aggressive behavior if he feels worried or threatened. These behaviors of Rottie can be very problematic for you and your family. When you point out that your Rottie is becoming aggressive towards you and your family, you should immediately seek help through the training. This aggressive behavior of your dog is a result of the bad socialization and poor communication; hence, it must be dealt with carefully.
If you don’t provide proper training to your Rottie, you will create a negative temperament in your Rottie. Further, you should never yell or hit at your Rottweiler when they are showing aggressive behavior or becoming disobedient, or during training sessions. When you abuse or yell at your dog, they become fearful which is the primary cause of aggression and weird behavior in your dog. When dogs become scared, they start defending themselves and may attack on you. Therefore, you should always choose the reward system while providing training to your dog. It teaches your canine companion that the good behavior yields good reward, and the bad behavior gets no reward.
Rottie is a territorial dog breed. It is common to see the Rottie showing the guarding behavior towards the strangers or other pets. These dogs were genetically engineered to watch out for the threats. A carefully trained, well socialized and properly cared, Rottie may never show guarding behavior. A well trained Rottie will be a good playmate for the kids. A well socialized Rottie will also accept other dogs, cats and other household pets.
Just like humans have the potential to inherit any particular disease, canine have also the potential to develop certain genetic health problems. You should never purchase your dog from the dog breeder who doesn’t provide a health certificate on puppies. A reputed dog breeder will be honest and will tell you about all the health problems associated with the breed.
Rotties are prone to some health problems, such as:
In addition to this, Rotties are prone to other medical conditions including vonWillebrand’s disease (it is an innate disease that affects the ability of blood clotting), Addison’s disease (a disease of the adrenal gland), hypothyroidism, folliculitis and gastroenteritis.
Not all of these medical conditions are detectable in a growing Rottie, and it is quite difficult to envisage whether your puppy will be free of these medical conditions, therefore, you must find a renowned and trusted breeder who is committed to breeding the healthiest dogs. You should also ask independent health certification of the parents of the dog (and if possible grandparent also). In this way you can well aware of the possibility of various innate heath issues in your dog.
Canine obesity is one of the most popular health issues now these days. Remember that you can protect your canine from the obesity by learning some effective ways to treat canine obesity. The ideal weight of Rotties is 75 to 110 pounds. You should remember this ideal weight of Rottie and provide them food exercise to maintain their weight. Remember that obesity is the root cause of many other health issues.
You should note that the amount any dog eats depends on his age, size, build, metabolism, and activity level. Just like people, dogs don’t need the same amount of food. It is obvious that a highly active dog like Rottie will need more than a couch potato dog. You should also remember that the quality of dog food you buy also makes difference, i.e. the good quality dog food will nourish your dog.
The recommended daily amount for your Rottie is 4 to 10 cups of optimum quality dry food in a day, which is divided into two meals. You should purchase premium quality commercial dog food from the reputed vendors of the industry so as to ensure its quality and reliability.
In addition to this, you should keep your Rottie in good shape by measuring his food on daily basis and try to feed him twice a day rather than leaving out food all the time. If you’re unsure whether your puppy is overweight, you can give him the hands-on test. First, look down at him and look his waist. After that place your hands on the back of your dog, and now thumbs along the spine of your dog, with your fingers spread downward. You can easily feel but not see the ribs of your dog without having to press hard. If you cannot, it means you dog need less food and more exercise.
Rotties have double coat. Their straight medium-length outer coat is coarse and dense, lying flat on their body. Their soft, downy undercoat is present on the thighs and neck, and the thickness of undercoat depends on whether you live in a warm or cool climate. The coat of Rottie is shortest on the ears, head, and legs; and longest on the breeching (the hair on the hind thighs).
Rotties shed moderately, but their coat requires little grooming. You should brush the coat of your Rottie weekly with a soft bristle brush or rubber hound mitt in order to keep the hair and skin healthy. Your Rottie will have a heavy shed in spring and fall, which is known as “blowing out” the coat. In this season, you dog will need to be brushed frequently in order to get rid of all loose hair.
You should provide bathe to your Rottie as you desire or only when your dog gets dirty. You can bathe your canine companion weekly only with the gentle dog shampoos (if you don’t want to harm his shining coat).
You can clean the ears of your pooch as needed with a solution recommended by your vet. You should not use cotton swabs inside the ear of your dog, as they can push gunk further down into it. You can also learn some easy techniques to clean puppy ears at home.
If you don’t want to get the scratch marks on your precious items, you should trim the nails of your pooch regularly, generally every couple of weeks. The nails of your dog should never be so long that they click on floor. Don’t forget to brush the teeth of your canine companion with vet-approved pet toothpaste. For this matter, you should learn some effective tips to brush your dog’s teeth.
Some grooming tools to ease your grooming hassles are as follows: