If there is a Pocket-Dynamo in the dog's kingdom, it would be none other Dachshund itself. They are courageous and bold dogs who will confront dogs bigger than their size. Albeit, they are great family companions as well.
Dachshund is a curious, bold dog breed who loves to explore and dig. They might be the smallest of the hounds, yet they are the biggest in spirits. The breeds have their origin in Germany. In German, “Dach” translates to Badger and “hund” stands for dog. They were bred to hunt for badgers, rabbit and other small games and hence the name. The structure of Dachshunds was perfect for reaching animals in their burrows, mainly foxes and badgers, which is why in some regions it earned the nickname "badger".
Dachshund breed can be found with short hair, long hair and wire hair. The Shorthair Dachshund is the oldest, with a glossy, dense coat. Long hairs Dachshunds on the other hand have a shiny, silky and slightly wavy coat. As for color, they can come in unicolor, bicolor or even all spotted (which takes the name of harlequin), but the basic color is always black, red or gray. Coat care of a Dachshund is essential for maintaining excellent health in them. Short-haired Dachshunds require the least grooming while the long-haired Dachshunds need frequent brushing to prevent problems like tangling and matting of the hair. Remember that these dogs have drooped ears too, which needs to be cleaned with a solution preferred by the vet. For the long hair and the wire Dachshunds, one needs to trim the excess hair between their paw pads. Their nails also requires trimming once in every 2 weeks.
Puppy Dachshunds need to be fed a little more than their adult counterparts in order to build good muscle mass and strength. As the puppies have a good appetite, it is important not to feed them filler Adult Dachshunds on the other hand need less protein and fats compared to the puppies. Note that feeding them too much fat and calories can make them overweight and sluggish. Their diet should be balanced for maintaining an ideal weight which will prevent back problems which Dachshund are often vulnerable. When it comes to senior Dachshunds, Fats can be highly reduced as they are generally immobile and don't get involved in much activities. For them, choose a diet having a moderate to low content and also one having minerals like Glucosamine and Chondroitin. These minerals soothe inflammation in their bones and joints.
All Dachshunds need grooming irrespective of their coat type, though the grooming requirements will be different for all three Dachshund variation. Smooth-haired Dachshund need the least amount of cleaning because of their relatively shorter coat, compared to the other two type. Also, their skin won't accumulate that much dirt because of a lack of grip in their coat. Aim to brush their coat 1-2 times per week with a soft-bristled brush. For Long Haired Dachshunds, the grooming requirements are extensive due to their long hair and thick coat. You may need to brush them daily for preventing the problem of tangling and matting of the hair. Regarding Wire Haired Dachshunds, they have a distinct dense undercoat that needs stripping two times a year. Also, to maintain excellent coat quality in them, brush their hair several times a week with a bristle brush.
Any excess that overloads the spine must be avoided during the life of the Dachshund. Also, feeding must be closely monitored and assisted by a veterinarian so that the dog is receiving all the necessary nutrients, but without leading to weight gain. Regular exercise can help a lot in maintaining healthy weight in Dachshunds. This breed is famous for their droopy ears, and hence, there is a higher chances of proliferation of fungi, as the ears are stuffy. To avoid this type of problem, you can clean their outer region of ear with a cotton cloth, once in a while.
A number of writers and dachshund experts have theorized that the origin of the Dachshund goes back to ancient Egypt and therefore have been in existence for over a staggering 4000 years!. An inscription on the ancient monument of an Egyptian pharaoh reads ”Teka”. This led some to believe that this is the root of the German word “ Teckel” which translates to our beloved hound dog in English. The word ‘Dachshund’ refers to badger dog in German. Original Dachshunds in the 18th Century in Germany were much larger to their contemporary counterparts. They had a weight between 14 and 18 Kg. This breed was used for killing badgers and were used for hunting rabbits and foxes. Since the existential evidence of the correct origin of this breed is unclear, the debate about their early ancestors still continues. Dachshunds have conventionally been viewed as a symbol of Germany. The breed was chosen as the first Olympic Mascot in 1972 Munich Olympic Games.